Foods That May Cause Gas In Breastfed Babies?

As a breastfeeding mother, you want the best for your baby, ensuring their health and comfort. However, you may have noticed that your little one becomes gassy after feeding. It can be concerning to witness their discomfort, and you may wonder if certain foods in your diet are the cause. In this blog post, we will explore the topic of foods that may cause gas in breastfed babies. Understanding these potential culprits can empower you to make informed choices about your diet and find ways to alleviate your baby’s discomfort effectively.

Dairy Products – The Double-Edged Sword

Dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, are a common part of many diets. However, they can be a significant source of gas in breastfed babies. Dairy contains lactose, a type of sugar that some babies have difficulty digesting. When lactose passes undigested into the baby’s intestines, it can cause gas and bloating.

Here are some key points to consider about dairy products and their potential impact on your baby’s gas:

  • Lactose intolerance: Some babies have lactose intolerance or lactose sensitivity, meaning they have trouble breaking down lactose. This can result in gassiness and other digestive issues.
  • Experiment with alternatives: If you suspect dairy as the culprit, you can try reducing your intake or opting for lactose-free alternatives like lactose-free milk or dairy-free yogurt.
  • Fermented dairy: Fermented dairy products like yogurt and kefir contain beneficial bacteria that may aid digestion. These probiotics can help restore the natural balance of gut bacteria and potentially reduce gas.

Soy Products – An Alternative to Consider

Soy products, including soy milk and tofu, are often suggested as an alternative to dairy for breastfeeding mothers. However, similar to dairy, soy can also contribute to gas in breastfed babies. Soy contains complex proteins that can be challenging for some babies to digest.

Here’s what you need to know about soy products and their potential impact on your baby’s gas:

  • Soy intolerance: While soy allergies are less common than lactose intolerance, some babies may be sensitive to soy proteins, leading to gas and other symptoms.
  • Elimination diet: If you suspect soy as the culprit, you can try eliminating soy products from your diet for a period and observe any changes in your baby’s symptoms.
  • Consider other alternatives: If soy seems to be causing gas in your baby, explore other non-dairy options such as almond milk, oat milk, or rice milk. However, always ensure these alternatives are nutritionally adequate.

Wheat Products – Beyond Gluten Intolerance

Wheat is a ubiquitous ingredient found in various foods, including bread, pasta, and baked goods. While wheat sensitivity is often associated with gluten intolerance, it’s essential to note that gas can occur in breastfed babies even without a gluten allergy. Some babies may have difficulty digesting the complex carbohydrates in wheat, leading to gas and bloating.

Consider the following aspects regarding wheat products and their potential impact on your baby’s gas:

  • Complex carbohydrates: Wheat products contain complex carbohydrates that can be challenging to break down, resulting in increased gas production.
  • Gluten-free alternatives: If you suspect wheat as a potential cause of your baby’s gas, you can try eliminating wheat products from your diet for a period and observe any changes. Gluten-free alternatives may be an option, but ensure they don’t contain other ingredients that can contribute to gas.
  • Seek guidance: If you suspect wheat sensitivity or gluten intolerance, consulting a healthcare provider or a lactation consultant can provide valuable guidance and support in identifying the underlying cause of your baby’s gassiness.

Fiber-Rich Foods – Balancing Nutritional Needs

Fiber is an essential component of a healthy diet for adults, but when it comes to breastfeeding, some fiber-rich foods can contribute to gas in babies. Foods like beans, bran, and whole grains, although highly nutritious, contain complex carbohydrates that can be challenging for a baby’s developing digestive system to break down completely.

Consider the following points about fiber-rich foods and their potential impact on your baby’s gas:

  • Fiber types: There are two types of fiber—soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and can be fermented by bacteria in the gut, potentially causing gas. Insoluble fiber adds bulk to the stool but generally doesn’t contribute significantly to gas production.
  • Moderation is key: Rather than completely eliminating fiber-rich foods from your diet, try consuming them in moderation. Gradually increase your fiber intake to allow your baby’s digestive system to adjust.
  • Opt for easily digestible options: If you notice that specific fiber-rich foods are causing excessive gas in your baby, try opting for alternatives that are easier to digest, such as peeled fruits and vegetables or well-cooked legumes.

Fruits – Nature’s Sweetness with a Side of Gas

Fruits are a fantastic source of vitamins, minerals, and natural sweetness. However, certain fruits can contribute to gas in breastfed babies. It’s important to note that not all fruits have the same effect, and individual baby sensitivities can vary.

Consider the following factors when it comes to fruits and their potential impact on your baby’s gas:

  • Citrus fruits: Fruits like oranges, lemons, and grapefruits contain high levels of acidity, which can irritate the baby’s delicate digestive system and potentially contribute to gas.
  • High-fructose fruits: Some fruits, like prunes, plums, peaches, and apricots, have higher fructose content, which can be challenging to digest for some babies.
  • Individual sensitivities: Each baby is unique, and while one baby may experience gas after consuming certain fruits, another baby may not be affected at all. Keep a food journal to identify any patterns between your diet and your baby’s gas symptoms.

To help you navigate which fruits to enjoy and which to approach with caution, here’s a handy table summarizing the gas-causing potential of common fruits:

Fruits Gas-Causing Potential
Citrus fruits High
Prunes, plums, peaches, apricots High
Bananas Low to moderate
Apples, pears Low to moderate
Berries Low
Melons Low

Remember, it’s crucial to listen to your baby’s cues and observe how they react to different fruits. If you suspect a particular fruit is causing gas, try eliminating it temporarily and reintroducing it later to determine if it’s the culprit.

Vegetables – The Gas-Inducing Culprits

Vegetables are a vital part of a healthy diet, but some vegetables can contribute to gas in breastfed babies. Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kale, and even onions and garlic, are known for their potential to cause gas.

Consider the following points when it comes to vegetables and their potential impact on your baby’s gas:

  • Gas-producing compounds: Vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts contain compounds called raffinose and sulfur, which can be challenging for babies to digest completely, resulting in gas.
  • Cooking techniques: If you find that certain vegetables cause excessive gas in your baby, try cooking them thoroughly. Steaming or sautéing can help break down some of the complex fibers and make them more easily digestible.
  • Balance and variety: While it’s important to be mindful of gas-inducing vegetables, it’s equally essential to maintain a balanced and diverse diet. Explore different vegetables that are easier on your baby’s digestive system, such as carrots, zucchini, and sweet potatoes.

To provide a clear overview, here’s a table highlighting the gas-causing potential of some common vegetables:

Vegetables Gas-Causing Potential
Broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts High
Kale, lettuce, onions, garlic Moderate
Peppers Moderate to low
Carrots, zucchini, sweet potatoes Low
Spinach, green beans, asparagus, cucumbers Low

Remember, every baby is different, and while some babies may experience gas after consuming certain vegetables, others may tolerate them well. Pay attention to your baby’s reactions and adjust your diet accordingly to ensure their comfort.

Spicy Foods – Flavor with a Side of Gas

Spicy foods can add excitement and flavor to your meals, but they can also be a potential culprit for gas in breastfed babies. Spices like chili powder, cayenne pepper, and curry can irritate the baby’s digestive system and contribute to gas.

Consider the following points when it comes to spicy foods and their potential impact on your baby’s gas:

  • Irritating compounds: Capsaicin, the compound responsible for the heat in spicy foods, can irritate the digestive system, potentially causing gas and discomfort.
  • Individual sensitivities: Just as with other foods, individual babies may react differently to spices. Some babies may show signs of gas or fussiness after their mother consumes spicy foods, while others may not be affected at all.
  • Moderation and observation: If you enjoy spicy foods but suspect they may be causing your baby’s gas, try consuming them in moderation and observe your baby’s reactions. If you notice a pattern, you may need to adjust your intake accordingly.

It’s important to note that breastfeeding mothers should maintain a balanced and nutritious diet. If you suspect certain foods are causing your baby’s gas, consult with a healthcare provider or lactation consultant to ensure you are meeting your nutritional needs while finding ways to address your baby’s discomfort.


Understanding the impact of certain foods on your breastfed baby’s gas can empower you to make informed choices and alleviate their discomfort. While not all babies will be affected by the same foods, being mindful of potential culprits like dairy products, soy products, wheat products, fiber-rich foods, fruits, vegetables, spicy foods, and other gas-inducing ingredients can be beneficial.

Remember, every baby is unique, and it’s important to observe your baby’s reactions and adapt your diet accordingly. Maintaining a balanced and varied diet while addressing your baby’s gas can help you and your little one navigate this stage of breastfeeding more comfortably. If you have concerns or need further guidance, don’t hesitate to consult with a healthcare provider or lactation consultant who can provide personalized advice tailored to your situation.

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